Federal Council decides on improvements in Rürup pension and care

written by Cora Christine Döhn On Friday

the Federal Council approved the planned improvements to Rürup Rente and the reconciliation of family, care and work. The tax-deductible maximum amount of the Rürup pension will be raised to 22,172 euros in 2015. In addition, nursing care is to be improved in 2015 through the 

The Federal Council has increased the amount that Rürup saver can deduct in their annual tax return from 20,000 euros to 22,172 euros. In today’s resolution, the Bundesrat has approved the increase in the tax-deductible maximum amount after repeated attempts. Due to persistent criticism, the claim has been rejected so far . But this time around, too, it is a compromise, as originally a tax subsidy of 24,000 was required.

In addition, the Federal Council has decided on the care and family care period. On the one hand, the improvements in the care concern relatives who want to take a ten-day break from work in the event of a new nursing event. On the other hand, the family care allowance allows employees to reduce their working hours to up to 24 months with a weekly employment of 15 hours .

Today in the Bundesrat: improvements in the care decided

Today in the Bundesrat: improvements in the care decided

The improvements in reconciling family, care and work are designed to meet the growing need for care in the home environment as long as possible. Because the new laws allow relatives to care for a dependent family member without professional consequences .

If you let yourself be exempted from work for ten days in order to clarify the first organizational questions – for example, the family member in need of care – you will receive a replacement wage in the future. Even if relatives decide to care for a dependent family member for a maximum of 24 months at home, they should be financially relieved by the possibility to take an interest-free loan.

Tax incentive for the Rürup pension: Bundestag agrees

Tax incentive for the Rürup pension: Bundestag agrees

Despite critical voices from the opposition, the law has been passed to raise the tax-deductible maximum amount. Above all, people benefit from the change, who use Rürup Rente as a private pension. The draft, which has already been rejected many times, has now been approved by the Federal Council with a compromise solution . Instead of the required 24,000 euros, the new maximum funding limit of 22,172 euros was linked to the maximum amount of the miners’ pension insurance – the increase also affects the agricultural pensions, the occupational pension schemes and the statutory pension insurance.

Today in the Bundesrat: In 2015, the pension contribution will be reduced

Today in the Bundesrat: In 2015, the pension contribution will be reduced

The law stipulates that the pension contributions must be reduced if the reserves of the German pension insurance exceed one and a half monthly expenses. The contribution reduction from 18.9 per cent to 18.7 per cent was therefore decided. Although this step is a relief for the contributors, the reduction is criticized by the opposition. One reason is the currently high expenditure of the pension insurance , which they can finance in the long run only by a renewed contribution increase.

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USA accuses Bolivia and Burma of complicity with human trafficking

The United States today included Bolivia and Burma on its “black list” of countries that do not do enough to combat human trafficking, a measure that can lead to the imposition of sanctions, and in the one that kept Venezuela, Russia, Iran, Belize and North Korea.

“Human trafficking is a global problem, but also a local problem, and human trafficking can occur in a restaurant, a hotel, on a farm, or in a neighbor’s house,” said the US Secretary of State. , Mike Pompeo, in the act of presenting his annual report on human trafficking.

In the “black list” of the report appear 22 countries, a figure similar to the 23 last year, although their members changed with the entry of Bolivia, Burma, Gabon, Laos, Papua New Guinea; and the departure from the Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sudan and Uzbekistan.

The president of the United States, Donald Trump

The president of the United States, Donald Trump

now has 90 days to decide whether to apply sanctions to the countries of the “black list”, such as the freezing of non-humanitarian and non-commercial aid or the refusal to receive loans from multilateral institutions.

Bolivia had been on an observation list for four consecutive years and, in compliance with a law against trafficking in persons in 2010, this year the State Department had to include the country in its “black list”, although it has the characteristics to follow on notice, according to the report.

However, the State Department warns that “the Government of Bolivia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking and did not show a general increase in its efforts to do so in comparison with the previous period”.

Specifically, the United States assures that the government of Bolivian President Evo Morales “did not sufficiently finance” its national plan against human trafficking and, moreover, did not devote the necessary resources to the prosecution of those guilty of those crimes and the protection of his victims.

With regard to Burma, the State Department explained that it has decided to include the country in its “black list” due to the aggressions of the Burmese Army (Myanmar) against ronhiyá in the state of Rakáin, home of this ethnic group for centuries. from where they began to flee in August of 2017.

A State Department official, who requested anonymity, cited “the illegal recruitment of child soldiers” by the Burmese army as one of the causes that has led Washington to tighten its stance on human trafficking in Burma.

On this occasion, the presentation of the report was involved in the controversy because it includes warnings about the psychological damage that children can suffer when they are separated from their families.

In his report, the US Department of State gives advice to other countries in the world about the use of government facilities to detain children, but does not comment on the “zero tolerance” policy of the Trump government, which led to the separation of 2,300 immigrant children from their families.

Specifically, the report states that “even in the best of cases, residential institutions can not satisfy a child’s need to receive the emotional support that he or she usually receives from family members or caregivers with whom the child can develop. a link”.

The Trump government officially began in April to implement its policy of “zero tolerance”, which leads to criminally prosecute adults who arrive irregularly, which has led to the separation of families because children can not be deprived of liberty for long periods of time.

Last week Trump signed a decree to end the separation of families

Last week Trump signed a decree to end the separation of families

although he wants to change the laws to be able to detain minors for extended periods of time.In the presentation of the report was the daughter and adviser of the president, Ivanka Trump, who has identified as one of her priorities the fight against human trafficking.

During the ceremony, Ivanka and Pompeo paid tribute to ten individuals, including the Salvadoran Yanira Violeta Olivares Pineda, leader of the unit specializing in human trafficking in El Salvador and to which the United States. described as “a figure without fear” in the fight against this scourge. EFE

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Erkoreka says that the attunement with Sanchez about approaching prisoners is complete and he hopes that it will happen as soon as possible

The Basque Government spokesman, Josu Erkoreka, has assured that the attunement with the Executive of Pedro Sanchez for the approach of ETA prisoners to prisons close to Euskadi “is complete” and hopes that the movements will take place “as soon as possible” . In addition, he affirmed that there must be “correspondence” of the prisoners to the “change of course” of the Executive through individualized steps of reintegration.

In an interview given to Europa Press, Erkoreka has indicated that the decision of whether the approach of ETA inmates begins in summer, a possibility noted a few days ago the delegate of the Government in the Basque Country, Jesus Loza, corresponds to take it to the Government of the PSOE. “We are maintaining a fluid dialogue and a frankly constructive exchange of information with the central government on this matter,” he said.

After noting that a specific work area has already been created in this area between the two administrations, which works “with discretion”, he assured that there is “a complete harmony, today”, with the Executive of Sánchez, to address “a policy penitentiary more open, flexible and in accordance with the requirements of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) “. “We do hope that those decisions are taken as soon as possible and, if it is going to be in summer, perfect,” he said.

The Basque Government spokesman recalled that the socialist cabinet “is saying with absolute clarity” that there will be a rapprochement and a modification of the penitentiary policy, and stressed that the PSOE “has been defending this approach, at least from the era in which Zapatero ruled. “

“At that time they began to rehearse well-planned penitentiary strategies, appropriate to the times, intelligent, which helped to stimulate and encourage the division and the end of ETA, and at the same time, to make possible a social distension that was in the base of a normalized coexistence in Euskadi, but that everything was truncated with the arrival of the PP to the Government “, it has added.

In this regard, he pointed out that what the PSOE now does, “in a certain way, is to take up an approach that is not new, that is not outlined ex novo at this time”.

Josu Erkoreka has underlined “the remarkable change” that supposed, in this matter, the arrival of Mariano Rajoy to the Government to replace José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, and considers that, when the Socialists return, “a reopening of the penitentiary policy is being confirmed. ” “We lend our support to that approach,” he said.

“BATTLE PENITENTIARY POLICY”

"BATTLE PENITENTIARY POLICY"

As noted, the popular “have always been staunch defenders of the prison policy of battle, confrontation, war, the era in which prison policy was another instrument of anti-terrorist policy and had as its main objective to neutralize strategies and decisions of the terrorist organization itself. “

“But, at a time when the terrorist organization has formally disappeared from our lives because it has already been dissolved, it does not make sense to maintain a prison policy that is precisely to neutralize the effects and the action that within the prisons could do a terrorist organization that has already disappeared, “he said.

In his opinion, the central government can take steps in this area, despite the opposition of the PP and Citizens, because “depends, in part, a decision of the Executive and, in part, what the judges can say about it of Penitentiary Surveillance “. “The political opposition in the Parliament can be more or less firm or forceful, but the decision is not parliamentary, it belongs to the Government,” he insisted.

In any case, he affirmed that he is struck by the fact that the new president of the Popular Party, Pablo Casado, “who has internally won the secretary general and the presidency of the party selling himself as the candidate of the family and of life, in this case, go to oppose something that the ECHR is precisely associating with the right to family life “, as, in his opinion, is the approach.

Asked if he observes differences in this matter between Casado and Rajoy, he said that he finds it “a bit difficult to appreciate nuances within the PP because the truth is that, beyond that there may be different sensitivities within that political formation in relation to the penitentiary policy, the certain thing is that its attitude during all the time that has had responsibilities of Government has always been radically opposed to different strategies and approaches more intelligent and humanistic “.

PRISONERS

PRISONERS

Josu Erkoreka recalled that the Basque Government has constantly called on the central government “a rethinking of penitentiary policy”, but also the people deprived of their liberty a change of attitude, “with the full assumption of the possibilities offered by the legislation to benefit from penitentiary benefits, with the burden that implies, with the obligations that this implies “, since it is an” individualized “option.

Therefore, he stressed that “this is not something that is exhausted with the change of direction that the Government is going to print to the penitentiary policy”, but it must have “a clear correspondence also by the prisoners who have to accommodate themselves to the penitentiary legislation “.

“They know what the normative framework is, they know what is required of them, they know that they have to take individualized personal steps because the processes of social reintegration can not be done in a group or in groups, the process of social reinsertion is particular and individual,” pointed.

In this sense, he pointed out that “Basque society is hoping that they can do it so that, from a constructive approach, both contribute to distract the environment and facilitate the normalization of social life in Euskadi.”

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Education explains the rise in university fees to match other regions and says it pays 90% of tuition

Image result for tuitionVALENCIA, 17 (EUROPA PRESS)

The Ministry of Education notes that the rise of 7.5 percent of university fees for the academic year 2011-2012 “is within the limits legally established by the Ministry of Education, in the General Conference on University Policy” and is justified “in the need to equalize the price of official university studies with the price approved in other autonomous communities.”

For this Thursday, there are student protests throughout Spain, also in the Valencian Community, among other reasons, to express their rejection of the rise in prices.

In this regard, from the regional administration remember that this increase “was agreed in coordination and consensus with the rectorales teams of public universities in Valencia” and that the percentage is 7.5 percent, that is, between 50.6 and 77 , 3 euros a year – or what is the same, 4.5 a month or 6.4 euros a month – depending on the level of experimentality of the degrees.

They also stress that, according to the latest report of the Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities (CRUE 2010), the Comunitat Valenciana has the lowest price of credit registered in Spain with 9.91 euros on average, at a distance of more than 14 of the universities of Castilla-La Mancha, Navarra and Murcia, according to the data provided by the Ministry.

Likewise, they point out that it has also been agreed in the Valencian Council of Universities to increase 75% for those repeating students who register for the second time and 120% for those who register for the third time. This supposes an increase in quantitative terms 12 euros more with respect to the first enrollment for those students who enroll for the second time and of 7 euros more on the credit enrolled for those students enrolling for the third time (in comparison with the price of the credit of the second registration).

At the same time, the Ministry of Education, Training and Employment has increased the budget line for scholarships for exemption from the payment of university fees by 10 percent to reach 2.14 million euros. In particular, 25.9 million euros have been granted between the 2000-01 and 2010-11 academic year for these grants that compensate for the exemption from academic fees. In the last eleven courses a total of 41,432 university students have benefited.

Therefore, the Generalitat asserts that the amounts budgeted in university matter – 812 million euros – “guarantee the quality of the system and the access of students to a system of scholarships and grants” and adds that the Valencian Government “is going to continue to pay about 90 percent of the cost of tuition. “

NON-COMMUNITY STUDENTS

Image result for studentAnother complaint of the students is the norm that prepares the Consell to implant the differential payment of the price of the university matrícula on the part of the foreign students noncommunity. In this sense, the Ministry defends that it is a practice that already takes place in countries such as the United Kingdom, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Switzerland or Sweden.

“It does not make sense that, for example, a US student benefits from the Valencian public university system that subsidizes 90 percent of the cost of enrollment when the principle of reciprocity is not given, that is, that the American government subsidizes 90 the enrollment of the Valencian student who decided to study in the USA, “argue the same sources.

Similarly, the Ministry takes as an example three degrees that can be representative of different levels of experimental and knowledge branches, such as Law, Engineering and Medicine, in the Valencian Community, and calculates that the credit price would be 12, 11, 17.71 and 18.48 euros, respectively.

If these numbers are compared with other autonomies, it is observed that “they maintain the same level as the rest”. In fact, in the Community of Madrid, the public price of these three degrees for the 2011/2012 academic year is more expensive – 14.05, 20.62 and 21.93 euros – and in Navarra, with public prices at first highest enrollment in all of Spain, reaches 15.10, 21.38 and 21.38 euros.

“CULTURE OF EFFORT”

Image result for effortThe objective of this measure, they add, is to “encourage the culture of effort among university students and to be aware that the real cost to citizens of an academic year is around 7,000 euros, of which the student barely pays 10% – 15% or what is the same, the Generalitat subsidizes 90% of the university cost “.

In the same line, they emphasize that the Ministry of Education, Training and Employment has also increased the amount allocated to R & D in their budgets for 2012 with a percentage increase of 1.10%. In addition, more than 63,000 euros per day will go to science and transfer projects and actions (a total of 23.3 million euros).

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Reading map by Paul Auster

A map for an author of recognized value, crucial, charismatic, expressed in different formats

The day after tomorrow, Paul Auster turns 65. Coinciding with the anniversary, Anagrama and Edicions 62 publish in a world premiere his latest book, Diario de invierno , a recount of some of the experiences and people that have most marked his life, which is to say his writing, a memorialistic exercise that is drawing the grooves through which his work has traveled.As in The invention of loneliness , The red notebook or A jump of the bush , the New York author goes behind his shadow and rescuing biographical episodes – sometimes anecdotal, other unheard, but always significant – reflects that wonder of life that has fueled to all your fiction stories. The celebrated opening of Richard Shakespeare’s Richard III is not mentioned in the book – “Now the winter of our discontent turns into summer with this York sun” – but it captures its fluctuating tone: of sorrow for the dead and body aches, from melancholy inspired by precious memories, to gratitude for the gifts granted and the determination to continue fighting. In addition, recourse to the second person involves the reader in the facts and generates an intimacy that turns the work into something similar to what Paul Auster has supposed to be .

Following an invitation to review the welding points of the intimate and narrative, which have made the author of Leviathan not only a reference of contemporary American literature but the protagonist of a major fan phenomenon in Europe. The essences of his narrative corpus, inseparable from his personal experiences, condensed into ten sections.

1. THE MUSIC OF THE CHANCE. Few things make the writer harder to mention the happy chance, that label that has come to fulfill the function of synecdoche of his work. Is it not a truism to say that chance governs us all? However, paraphrasing the title of one of his novels, his music has involved much of his literature. And this is because previously chance has played a prominent role in their training, in a way, of course, particularly novel. During a trip through the woods as a child, a strong storm broke out and lightning cut the life of the companion who, half a meter ahead of him, crawled under a fence in search of a clear savior
( The red notebook , 1995). Since his parents were not readers, his first library was sought by his uncle Allen Mandelbaum, future translator of Virgil and Homer, who left his own in custody to leave a travel time (loan that Auster granted in turn to Marco Stanley Fogg, protagonist of The Palace of the Moon (1981) and transcript of his teenage years working as a writer of bibliography catalogs or reviewer of the census of Harlem.This novel was not only his first great literary success, also his jump of a stamp small, Sun and Moon Press, to a large one, Viking, a movement that would later be reproduced in the Spanish market, with Júcar and Edhasa preceding Anagrama).

2. THE MYSTERIES OF IDENTITY. One morning in the early eighties, Auster picked up his home phone and a voice asked him if he was talking to Detective Paul Auster of the Pinkerton Agency. He said it was a mistake and hung up, but the turbine question of every writer, what if … ?, was already underway.

In an alternative reality called Crystal City (first of the stories collected in The New York Trilogy , 1987) the answer was affirmative and a writer named Paul Auster was posing as a private investigator in a game that would cost him his sanity. (As a curiosity, mention that the idea of ​​a police author who jumps to the other side of his imaginary world is the starting point of the humor series Bored to Death , where its creator, Jonathan Ames, establishes a parody and self-referential game when baptizing with his name to the writer / detective lout played by Jason Schwartzman, not coincidentally, in the second season Paul Auster is mentioned, although the impending cameo is frustrated at the last moment).

The identity theft or the secrecy surrounding it has acquired other facets in his career

<br />The identity theft or the secrecy surrounding it has acquired other facets in his career

 such as his status as a literary black during one of his youth stays in Paris; residing a month in Cuernavaca to help from the shadows the woman of a producer to write a book about Quetzalcoat; writing for money (concretely for 2000 dollars) and under the pseudonym Paul Benjamin the mystery novel ” Pressure Play” (1982), or showing the fascination of some of his characters for the malevolent and metamorphic nature of others (Peter Aaron with his friend and future terrorist Benjamin Sachs in Leviathan or student Adam Walker by political science professor Rudolf Born in Invisible ).

3. STRANGE RELATIONS BETWEEN LIFE AND WORK. A few years before that phone call, the writer received another in which he was informed of the death of the father and the benefit of a modest inheritance that gave him time to write. The previous night had started what would become his first book (official) in prose, The invention of loneliness (1982), which served as a catalyst after a decade immersed in an acute creative crisis. Among what he had left written before going to bed was the phrase “And snow falls endlessly on winter night”. Three and a half decades later, on the first page of Diario de invierno we read: “Outside the snow falls and the branches of the trees in the patio are turning white”.

There is another identity phone curiosity that shows the strange underground passageways between his life and his work. During a literary event, his Polish editor gave him a telephone directory prior to World War II that included an individual surnamed Auster. He christened the protagonist of his next novel, The Night of the Oracle , Sydney Orr, an Americanized abbreviation of the Polish surname Orlovsky, and introduced into the plot a 1938 Warsaw telephone directory as a mechanism for predicting the future.

What the writer could not foresee of his future is that his wife and best reader, Siri Hustvedt, during a talk in front of the public at the Festival Versiliana in Pietrasanta (Tuscany), left him speechless when quoting that his choice of the surname Orr go back to the impression that caused him to read Either / Or’s (or one or the other) essay by Soren Kierkegaard as a young man.

4. MAGIC WITHOUT TRICKS. The work of Paul Auster reminds us that one can wake up without a morning one morning and the next to find a wall raising meaningless ( The music of chance ) or dawn with the intention of killing yourself and surprise a few weeks later visualizing in a Mexican ranch silent movies of an agonizing outcast ( The Book of Illusions , 2002). His hypnotic work is based on the conviction that our first motor is the fortuitous event, that we are the product of perpetual improvisation and uncertainty, that we know it or do not abandon us at all times to a twisted and ungovernable current. Auster has not used hardly any fantastic resources (the levitation in Mr. Vertigo , 1994, the stone with powers in Lulu on the bridge , 1998), because the magic or the mystery of his stories is detached from the natural order of things and, despite that in his books there are adventures and adventures, everything happens within a framework of exciting possibilism.

5. THE PRIORITY, THE CHARACTER. The humanity of its characters, beings with severe emotional fractures, to which often a blow of destiny puts in the way of a possible atonement, although the disease, the madness and the failure appear in each corner.

Some of them are young but they are disoriented ( The Palace of the Moon, Sunset Park , 2010), others feel old and finished but they find a way to sustain themselves ( The Book of Illusions , The Night of the Oracle , Brooklyn Follies , 2005), third parties will no longer raise their heads ( Timbuktu , 1999, A man in the dark , 2008). “What is fiction but the attempt to understand the lives of others?” And “I feel true empathy for my creatures, I see them as very real,” he said, but the writer has also reserved the right to exhibit in the first person and in loud voice his need to find a certain order and meaning in his work ( Travels by the Scriptorium , 2006) and its existence ( Diario de invierno , 2012).

6. AMERICAN MYTHOLOGY. Despite his sentimental and literary bond with France (he has translated many of his poets, coordinated a lyrical anthology that covers the entire twentieth century, led several of his characters to the stages he frequented and received the Order of the Knight of the Arts and the Letters of France), Auster has had the United States as the fundamental geographical and mythological framework: the happy 20s and the Great Depression punctuate Mr. Vertigo ; the moon landing is present in the palace of the moon ; the protests against the Vietnam War run through Leviathan , the beatnik culture and Edgar Allan Poe’s Baltimore erupt in Timbuktu

In some books the filiation with his country comes via cinephile – the description of Martin Frost’s silent films in The Book of Illusions , overflowing with echoes of the missing script for a comedy he completed as a young man with Buster Keaton as inspiration, or the analysis of William Wyler’s Best Years of our Life in Sunset Park – or the bibliophile – the reflection on the sanctuaries of American letters with Hawthorne at the head in Brooklyn Follies . As a bilious settling of accounts with the George Bush Jr. administration, A Man in the Darkness would take a separate place.

7. THE BROOKLYN WORLD AMBASSADOR. But obviously Auster is Brooklyn and vice versa (literally, since Paul Auster’s Day is celebrated on its streets every February 27). The writer has devoted much of his work to turning the county into an inventory of the universe, to make that concrete literary space a laboratory of universal human experience.

As in the movie Smoke (1995) the melancholic estanquero Auggie Wren was betting on one of its corners to take each day the same photograph that captures the infinite nuances of the colors of the sky and the human movement, Auster has made his place of residence since 1980 a microcosm at the same time autarkic and open to constant renewal.

In the night of the oracle the convalescent writer Sydney Orr entered a stationery store in Brooklyn

<br />In <em>the night of the oracle</em> the convalescent writer Sydney Orr entered a stationery store in Brooklyn

bought a blue notebook that miraculously restored the strength and inspiration to resume his craft. For Auster, Brooklyn symbolizes that blue notebook, the promise of an inexhaustible source of stimuli, that go until his last novel, Sunset Park , set in one of its most degraded neighborhoods. Perhaps Auggie Wren’s Christmas story , which the author wrote for The New York Times and which served as the basis for his script for Smoke , emerged from an anecdote entrusted to him by the tobacconist who sold him his Dutch cigarillos Schimmelpeninks , thus removing him from a hurry to be dry ideas and the deadline on, still supposing the maximum concentration of austerity essences: a stroke of luck in the form of a great story that happens and is shared in Brooklyn.

8. EYES ALWAYS IN THE NARRATION. When he was studying at Columbia University, the author of Invisible was taught by Edward Said, who he remembers telling him that over the years every writer tends to clarity. He, on the other hand, did not wait to get old. Transparency has always been a characteristic feature of Auster’s prose, who has repeatedly commented that the content determines the form of his stories, that his interest lies in the body of the narrative. This ability not to forget to wind up the internal minute hand of the story, that events slide and the pace is consistent with the expectations of the reader, explains much of his gift for collective hypnotization. Possibly Auster will not prosper with his symbolic poetry and find in the cinematographic direction his Achilles heel because he did not know how to transplant this capacity of tuning to other languages.

9. DO NOT PSYCHOANALIZE THE WORK. As if he were afraid of undoing the spell, Auster avoids analyzing the gestation of his works, only confirming the relevance of the unconscious (“those dark places that I do not have access to.” The fear, the risk, the not knowing are the forces that push me “) And the organic way in which the ideas that took it to treason are acquiring form.

10. THE MANTRA. Its final objective is synthesized in this aspiration of the dramatist Peter Brook that Auster repeats a mantra way: “Create a work that has the intimacy of the everyday and the distance of the myth, because without closeness the feeling is not possible and without distance it is impossible to astonishment”. An impeccable definition of his work.

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Economy.- Unión de Uniones denounces the lack of ambition in the proposed measures in the face of the sweet fruit crisis

The Union of Unions of Farmers and Cattle Ranchers, together with its territorial organizations, the Union of Pagesos and the Union of Extremadura
The Union of Unions of Farmers and Cattle Ranchers, together with its territorial organizations, the Union of Pagesos and the Union of Extremadura


 The Union of Unions of Farmers and Cattle Ranchers, together with its territorial organizations, the Union of Pagesos and the Union of Extremadura, has criticized the plan of measures for the improvement of the sweet fruit sector that was announced last week by the Ministry of Agriculture. Agriculture because it is considered “insufficient”, as it does not include any forceful solution or extraordinary management measure contemplated by the European Commission and that could contribute to improving the situation of the sector.

Specifically, the organization states in a statement that these measures for the Government’s sweet fruit do not include the start-up plan financed by the EU funds proposed by the organization, nor a second varietal conversion plan that could be financed with the General State Budgets. (PGE), aimed at improving the profitability of pear and apple farms in order to compete with countries such as France, Italy or Belgium.

The State Tax Law itself does not allow that is  taxed over income

The State Tax Law itself does not allow that is&nbsp; taxed over income

Regarding the two measures proposed by Agriculture in the short term, the adaptation of personal income tax modules and the refinancing of loans, Union of Unions understands that the former “can not be considered as an aid”, since the State Tax Law itself does not allow that is  taxed over income, so if income falls, taxation should decrease.

Also, the refinancing measure with five-year loans may be useful for certain farms, but believes that “it will be difficult to avoid the abandonment” of the activity for the producers most indebted by the crisis.

On the other hand, Unión de Uniones shares that the sector itself has tools such as the economic district that, according to the latest developments introduced with the Omnibus regulation, offers possibilities to act on promotion issues, improving the quality of production, use of standardized contracts and production planning, for example, and that should be promoted in the plan.

Regarding the measures aimed at rebalancing the sector that depend on the Ministry, Unión de Uniones considers that it is “contradictory” to want large producer organizations (POs) that concentrate a lot of production, and, at the same time, leave out of the operational programs the new peach and nectarine plantations.

Union of Unions proposes to use the ‘blockchain’ technology

Union of Unions proposes to use the

In this sense, the organization points out that this resource could be used more, since in 2017 only 27% of the sector’s resources were used to deal with crisis management measures.

Regarding the measures aimed at organizing and restructuring the sector, Unión de Uniones also does not share the proposal of the Ministry to increase the recognition requirements for producer organizations with the aim of making them larger to concentrate the offer more, as it may represent a brake to the constitution of specific organic production OP or for those who want to bet on the proximity sale. This fact would imply that 30% could disappear.

Finally, the agrarian organization regrets that this plan does not include the obligation, by law, that producers and companies provide certain data, the only way to guarantee statistical secrecy. Union of Unions proposes to use the ‘blockchain’ technology, which allows to have data exchange in real time.

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What is worse: smoking or having a bad diet

What is worse: smoking or having a bad diet

Before you continue, I tell you that it will be difficult to finish giving a concrete answer to this question. At least I do not intend to dare. You may wonder then why the hell I bring up this topic today. This is easier to answer: last week a certain media stir was generated when, from different headlines , we were led to believe that the United Nations had made a statement in this regard arguing that following an inadequate diet was more dangerous to health. than smoking . Did any of these institutions actually issue an official statement in this regard? No. Not much less.

The origin of the news we have in the statements of a high commissioner of the United Nations, in particular Olivier de Schutter , who on May 19 last published an article entitled, as is, Unhealthy diets greater threat to health than tobacco (La mala Food is a more important threat to health than tobacco) which is far from saying that poor nutrition is worse for health than tobacco.

In his article, Mr. de Schutter , makes it very clear arguing that although the general population has quite clear and identified what are the health risks derived from smoking, that is, smoking; This perception of risk (or its magnitude) is not so obvious when talking about following an inadequate or insane diet . Something that if nothing, has little to do with the headlines of last week and the decontextualized reading that could be taken by a few citizens. I give you an example so that it is understood better.

Suppose that within all the risks that involve the loss of human lives

Suppose that within all the risks that involve the loss of human lives

someone identifies two in particular: the death in traffic accidents, and the death caused by uncontrolled snipers on the roofs of buildings. Well, what Mr. de Schutter came to say is that, today and in real life, traffic accidents pose a more important threat to life than the presence of snipers on the rooftops. Nobody escapes to us that, fortunately, there are not usually many snipers provided at the top of the buildings firing at the general population although, if there were, this would be a significant risk situation. Well, people know that tobacco kills, but they are not so aware that bad diet can do it too.

On which of the two risks is higher: bad diet vs tobacco, I do not think the important thing is to make this type of balance . Both are important risks, so it is best to try to follow a diet appropriate to our circumstances and, obviously, not to smoke. In these cases it can also be good to respond to the Galician, that is, with another question that helps clarify reality: if when you are leaning on the railing of a balcony it breaks and you fall into the void, what will have worse consequences, fall from the height of a 56th floor or from that of a 64th? Well, that.

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