USA accuses Bolivia and Burma of complicity with human trafficking

The United States today included Bolivia and Burma on its “black list” of countries that do not do enough to combat human trafficking, a measure that can lead to the imposition of sanctions, and in the one that kept Venezuela, Russia, Iran, Belize and North Korea.

“Human trafficking is a global problem, but also a local problem, and human trafficking can occur in a restaurant, a hotel, on a farm, or in a neighbor’s house,” said the US Secretary of State. , Mike Pompeo, in the act of presenting his annual report on human trafficking.

In the “black list” of the report appear 22 countries, a figure similar to the 23 last year, although their members changed with the entry of Bolivia, Burma, Gabon, Laos, Papua New Guinea; and the departure from the Central African Republic, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sudan and Uzbekistan.

The president of the United States, Donald Trump

The president of the United States, Donald Trump

now has 90 days to decide whether to apply sanctions to the countries of the “black list”, such as the freezing of non-humanitarian and non-commercial aid or the refusal to receive loans from multilateral institutions.

Bolivia had been on an observation list for four consecutive years and, in compliance with a law against trafficking in persons in 2010, this year the State Department had to include the country in its “black list”, although it has the characteristics to follow on notice, according to the report.

However, the State Department warns that “the Government of Bolivia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking and did not show a general increase in its efforts to do so in comparison with the previous period”.

Specifically, the United States assures that the government of Bolivian President Evo Morales “did not sufficiently finance” its national plan against human trafficking and, moreover, did not devote the necessary resources to the prosecution of those guilty of those crimes and the protection of his victims.

With regard to Burma, the State Department explained that it has decided to include the country in its “black list” due to the aggressions of the Burmese Army (Myanmar) against ronhiyá in the state of Rakáin, home of this ethnic group for centuries. from where they began to flee in August of 2017.

A State Department official, who requested anonymity, cited “the illegal recruitment of child soldiers” by the Burmese army as one of the causes that has led Washington to tighten its stance on human trafficking in Burma.

On this occasion, the presentation of the report was involved in the controversy because it includes warnings about the psychological damage that children can suffer when they are separated from their families.

In his report, the US Department of State gives advice to other countries in the world about the use of government facilities to detain children, but does not comment on the “zero tolerance” policy of the Trump government, which led to the separation of 2,300 immigrant children from their families.

Specifically, the report states that “even in the best of cases, residential institutions can not satisfy a child’s need to receive the emotional support that he or she usually receives from family members or caregivers with whom the child can develop. a link”.

The Trump government officially began in April to implement its policy of “zero tolerance”, which leads to criminally prosecute adults who arrive irregularly, which has led to the separation of families because children can not be deprived of liberty for long periods of time.

Last week Trump signed a decree to end the separation of families

Last week Trump signed a decree to end the separation of families

although he wants to change the laws to be able to detain minors for extended periods of time.In the presentation of the report was the daughter and adviser of the president, Ivanka Trump, who has identified as one of her priorities the fight against human trafficking.

During the ceremony, Ivanka and Pompeo paid tribute to ten individuals, including the Salvadoran Yanira Violeta Olivares Pineda, leader of the unit specializing in human trafficking in El Salvador and to which the United States. described as “a figure without fear” in the fight against this scourge. EFE

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Erkoreka says that the attunement with Sanchez about approaching prisoners is complete and he hopes that it will happen as soon as possible

The Basque Government spokesman, Josu Erkoreka, has assured that the attunement with the Executive of Pedro Sanchez for the approach of ETA prisoners to prisons close to Euskadi “is complete” and hopes that the movements will take place “as soon as possible” . In addition, he affirmed that there must be “correspondence” of the prisoners to the “change of course” of the Executive through individualized steps of reintegration.

In an interview given to Europa Press, Erkoreka has indicated that the decision of whether the approach of ETA inmates begins in summer, a possibility noted a few days ago the delegate of the Government in the Basque Country, Jesus Loza, corresponds to take it to the Government of the PSOE. “We are maintaining a fluid dialogue and a frankly constructive exchange of information with the central government on this matter,” he said.

After noting that a specific work area has already been created in this area between the two administrations, which works “with discretion”, he assured that there is “a complete harmony, today”, with the Executive of Sánchez, to address “a policy penitentiary more open, flexible and in accordance with the requirements of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) “. “We do hope that those decisions are taken as soon as possible and, if it is going to be in summer, perfect,” he said.

The Basque Government spokesman recalled that the socialist cabinet “is saying with absolute clarity” that there will be a rapprochement and a modification of the penitentiary policy, and stressed that the PSOE “has been defending this approach, at least from the era in which Zapatero ruled. “

“At that time they began to rehearse well-planned penitentiary strategies, appropriate to the times, intelligent, which helped to stimulate and encourage the division and the end of ETA, and at the same time, to make possible a social distension that was in the base of a normalized coexistence in Euskadi, but that everything was truncated with the arrival of the PP to the Government “, it has added.

In this regard, he pointed out that what the PSOE now does, “in a certain way, is to take up an approach that is not new, that is not outlined ex novo at this time”.

Josu Erkoreka has underlined “the remarkable change” that supposed, in this matter, the arrival of Mariano Rajoy to the Government to replace José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, and considers that, when the Socialists return, “a reopening of the penitentiary policy is being confirmed. ” “We lend our support to that approach,” he said.

“BATTLE PENITENTIARY POLICY”

"BATTLE PENITENTIARY POLICY"

As noted, the popular “have always been staunch defenders of the prison policy of battle, confrontation, war, the era in which prison policy was another instrument of anti-terrorist policy and had as its main objective to neutralize strategies and decisions of the terrorist organization itself. “

“But, at a time when the terrorist organization has formally disappeared from our lives because it has already been dissolved, it does not make sense to maintain a prison policy that is precisely to neutralize the effects and the action that within the prisons could do a terrorist organization that has already disappeared, “he said.

In his opinion, the central government can take steps in this area, despite the opposition of the PP and Citizens, because “depends, in part, a decision of the Executive and, in part, what the judges can say about it of Penitentiary Surveillance “. “The political opposition in the Parliament can be more or less firm or forceful, but the decision is not parliamentary, it belongs to the Government,” he insisted.

In any case, he affirmed that he is struck by the fact that the new president of the Popular Party, Pablo Casado, “who has internally won the secretary general and the presidency of the party selling himself as the candidate of the family and of life, in this case, go to oppose something that the ECHR is precisely associating with the right to family life “, as, in his opinion, is the approach.

Asked if he observes differences in this matter between Casado and Rajoy, he said that he finds it “a bit difficult to appreciate nuances within the PP because the truth is that, beyond that there may be different sensitivities within that political formation in relation to the penitentiary policy, the certain thing is that its attitude during all the time that has had responsibilities of Government has always been radically opposed to different strategies and approaches more intelligent and humanistic “.

PRISONERS

PRISONERS

Josu Erkoreka recalled that the Basque Government has constantly called on the central government “a rethinking of penitentiary policy”, but also the people deprived of their liberty a change of attitude, “with the full assumption of the possibilities offered by the legislation to benefit from penitentiary benefits, with the burden that implies, with the obligations that this implies “, since it is an” individualized “option.

Therefore, he stressed that “this is not something that is exhausted with the change of direction that the Government is going to print to the penitentiary policy”, but it must have “a clear correspondence also by the prisoners who have to accommodate themselves to the penitentiary legislation “.

“They know what the normative framework is, they know what is required of them, they know that they have to take individualized personal steps because the processes of social reintegration can not be done in a group or in groups, the process of social reinsertion is particular and individual,” pointed.

In this sense, he pointed out that “Basque society is hoping that they can do it so that, from a constructive approach, both contribute to distract the environment and facilitate the normalization of social life in Euskadi.”

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Education explains the rise in university fees to match other regions and says it pays 90% of tuition

Image result for tuitionVALENCIA, 17 (EUROPA PRESS)

The Ministry of Education notes that the rise of 7.5 percent of university fees for the academic year 2011-2012 “is within the limits legally established by the Ministry of Education, in the General Conference on University Policy” and is justified “in the need to equalize the price of official university studies with the price approved in other autonomous communities.”

For this Thursday, there are student protests throughout Spain, also in the Valencian Community, among other reasons, to express their rejection of the rise in prices.

In this regard, from the regional administration remember that this increase “was agreed in coordination and consensus with the rectorales teams of public universities in Valencia” and that the percentage is 7.5 percent, that is, between 50.6 and 77 , 3 euros a year – or what is the same, 4.5 a month or 6.4 euros a month – depending on the level of experimentality of the degrees.

They also stress that, according to the latest report of the Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities (CRUE 2010), the Comunitat Valenciana has the lowest price of credit registered in Spain with 9.91 euros on average, at a distance of more than 14 of the universities of Castilla-La Mancha, Navarra and Murcia, according to the data provided by the Ministry.

Likewise, they point out that it has also been agreed in the Valencian Council of Universities to increase 75% for those repeating students who register for the second time and 120% for those who register for the third time. This supposes an increase in quantitative terms 12 euros more with respect to the first enrollment for those students who enroll for the second time and of 7 euros more on the credit enrolled for those students enrolling for the third time (in comparison with the price of the credit of the second registration).

At the same time, the Ministry of Education, Training and Employment has increased the budget line for scholarships for exemption from the payment of university fees by 10 percent to reach 2.14 million euros. In particular, 25.9 million euros have been granted between the 2000-01 and 2010-11 academic year for these grants that compensate for the exemption from academic fees. In the last eleven courses a total of 41,432 university students have benefited.

Therefore, the Generalitat asserts that the amounts budgeted in university matter – 812 million euros – “guarantee the quality of the system and the access of students to a system of scholarships and grants” and adds that the Valencian Government “is going to continue to pay about 90 percent of the cost of tuition. “

NON-COMMUNITY STUDENTS

Image result for studentAnother complaint of the students is the norm that prepares the Consell to implant the differential payment of the price of the university matrícula on the part of the foreign students noncommunity. In this sense, the Ministry defends that it is a practice that already takes place in countries such as the United Kingdom, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Switzerland or Sweden.

“It does not make sense that, for example, a US student benefits from the Valencian public university system that subsidizes 90 percent of the cost of enrollment when the principle of reciprocity is not given, that is, that the American government subsidizes 90 the enrollment of the Valencian student who decided to study in the USA, “argue the same sources.

Similarly, the Ministry takes as an example three degrees that can be representative of different levels of experimental and knowledge branches, such as Law, Engineering and Medicine, in the Valencian Community, and calculates that the credit price would be 12, 11, 17.71 and 18.48 euros, respectively.

If these numbers are compared with other autonomies, it is observed that “they maintain the same level as the rest”. In fact, in the Community of Madrid, the public price of these three degrees for the 2011/2012 academic year is more expensive – 14.05, 20.62 and 21.93 euros – and in Navarra, with public prices at first highest enrollment in all of Spain, reaches 15.10, 21.38 and 21.38 euros.

“CULTURE OF EFFORT”

Image result for effortThe objective of this measure, they add, is to “encourage the culture of effort among university students and to be aware that the real cost to citizens of an academic year is around 7,000 euros, of which the student barely pays 10% – 15% or what is the same, the Generalitat subsidizes 90% of the university cost “.

In the same line, they emphasize that the Ministry of Education, Training and Employment has also increased the amount allocated to R & D in their budgets for 2012 with a percentage increase of 1.10%. In addition, more than 63,000 euros per day will go to science and transfer projects and actions (a total of 23.3 million euros).

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